It is located in the Southwesterly region of Siberia sited on the banks of the Ob River and is recognized as being the Administrative Center of Novosibirsk Oblast along with the Siberian Federal District. The city is frequently referred to as the capital of Siberia.
The city lies by the side of the Ob River Valley close to the Water Reservoir formed from the dam of the Novosibirsk Hydro Power Electric Plant so playing an important role in the economy of the region.
Novosibirsk originated in 1893 with the initial name of Novonikolayevsk in remembrance of both Saint Nicholas and the reigning Russian monarch of the time Tsar Nicholas II. It was to be the future site of the Bridge crossing the Ob River in anticipation of the planned Trans-Siberian Railway.