Introduction to Nizhny Novgorod

In order of size ranking, then Nizhny Novgorod is the 5th largest city in Russia following on the heels of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, and Yekaterinburg having a population of almost 1,300,000 residents.

Nizhny is recognized today as being the Administration Center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast though up to 1990 it was named the city of Gorky, a name with which it had been known since 1932 following after the popular Russian author Maxim Gorky who was born in the city.

Within the large Volga-Vyatka economic region Nizhny plays an important part in the transport, economic and cultural status of the region, yet is divided into two discreet sections due to being divided by the Oka River.

The Upper city is located on the East bank of the river with its three districts of Nizhegorodsky, Priotsky, and Sovetsky, while the Lower city sits on the Western bank with its five districts, Kanavinsky, Muskovsky, Sormovsky, Avtozavodsky, and Leninsky.

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