The present day Wuhan was the place, where the Wuchang Uprising took place in 1911. The Qing Dynasty was overthrown and the Republic of China was established. The left wing element of Kuomintang led by Wang Jingwei made Wuhan the seat of government. This government merged with Chiang Kai-shek’s government in Nanjing. Japan captured the eastern part of Hubei during World War II but the western part remained throughout World War II under Chinese control.
In 1993 the construction of the Three Gorges Dam was started over the Yangtze River near Yichang.